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Die Firma GLAMA Maschinenbau GmbH wurde gegründet und vertreibt ihr Know-how im Bereich Konstruktion, Fertigung und Inbetriebnahme von. Die Lätzchen Glama Lama koralle sind waschmaschinenfest bis 40 °C, wasserdicht und weich. Geeignet für Kleinkinder von 6 bis 24 Monaten. Für die Firma GLAMA Maschinenbau hat sommerdesign ein Corporate Design Konzept mit formalen Elementen entwickelt, dass sowohl in den.
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While the social structure might always be changing, they live as a family and they do take care of each other.
If one notices a strange noise or feels threatened, an alarm call - a loud, shrill sound which rhythmically rises and falls - is sent out and all others become alert.
They will often hum to each other as a form of communication. Unhappy or agitated llamas will lay their ears back, while ears being perked upwards is a sign of happiness or curiosity.
An "orgle" is the mating sound of a llama or alpaca, made by the sexually aroused male. The sound is reminiscent of gargling, but with a more forceful, buzzing edge.
Males begin the sound when they become aroused and continue throughout the act of procreation — from 15 minutes to more than an hour. Using llamas as livestock guards in North America began in the early s, and some sheep producers have used llamas successfully since then.
Some would even use them to guard their smaller cousins, the alpaca. Typically, a single gelding castrated male is used. Research suggests the use of multiple guard llamas is not as effective as one.
Multiple males tend to bond with one another, rather than with the livestock, and may ignore the flock. A gelded male of two years of age bonds closely with its new charges and is instinctively very effective in preventing predation.
Some llamas appear to bond more quickly to sheep or goats if they are introduced just prior to lambing. Many sheep and goat producers indicate a special bond quickly develops between lambs and their guard llama and the llama is particularly protective of the lambs.
Using llamas as guards has reduced the losses to predators for many producers. The value of the livestock saved each year more than exceeds the purchase cost and annual maintenance of a llama.
Although not every llama is suited to the job, most are a viable, nonlethal alternative for reducing predation, requiring no training and little care.
Doctors and researches have determined that llamas possess antibodies that are well suited to treat certain diseases.
Scholar Alex Chepstow-Lusty has argued that the switch from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to widespread agriculture was only possible because of the use of llama dung as fertilizer.
The Moche people frequently placed llamas and llama parts in the burials of important people, as offerings or provisions for the afterlife.
In the Inca Empire , llamas were the only beasts of burden, and many of the people dominated by the Inca had long traditions of llama herding.
For the Inca nobility, the llama was of symbolic significance, and llama figures were often buried with the dead. The Inca deity Urcuchillay was depicted in the form of a multicolored llama.
Carl Troll has argued that the large numbers of llamas found in the southern Peruvian highlands were an important factor in the rise of the Inca Empire.
One of the main uses for llamas at the time of the Spanish conquest was to bring down ore from the mines in the mountains. According to Juan Ignacio Molina , the Dutch captain Joris van Spilbergen observed the use of hueques possibly a llama type by native Mapuches of Mocha Island as plow animals in In Chile hueque populations declined towards extinction in the 16th and 17th century being replaced by European livestock.
Llamas were first imported into the US in the late s as zoo exhibits. Restrictions on importation of livestock from South America due to hoof and mouth disease , combined with lack of commercial interest, resulted in the number of llamas staying low until the late 20th century.
In the s, interest in llamas as livestock began to grow, and the number of llamas increased as farmers bred and produced an increasing number of animals.
With little market for llama fiber or meat in the US, and the value of guard llamas limited, the primary value in llamas was in breeding more animals, a classic sign of a speculative bubble in agriculture.
However, the lack of any end market for the animals resulted in a crash in both llama prices and the number of llamas; the Great Recession further dried up investment capital, and the number of llamas in the US began to decline as fewer animals were bred and older animals died of old age.
By , the number of llamas in the US had dropped below 40, Llamas have a fine undercoat, which can be used for handicrafts and garments. The coarser outer guard hair is used for rugs, wall-hangings and lead ropes.
The fiber comes in many different colors ranging from white or grey to reddish-brown, brown, dark brown and black. The dictionary definition of llama at Wiktionary.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Lama glama. Species of wooly domesticated mammal. For other uses, see Llama disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Lama , a Tibetan monk. Conservation status. Linnaeus , Main article: Guard llama.
Andes portal. Alpaca Cama , a crossbreed between a llama and a camel Grass Mud Horse , a parody originating from Mainland China in that features the alpaca and llama Guanaco Guard llama , llamas used as livestock guardians Lamoid Llama hiking The Emperor's New Groove , a animated Disney film where an Incan emperor gets turned into a llama.
Oklahoma State University. Mitos de Chile: Enciclopedia de seres, apariciones y encantos in Spanish. Wonders of Llamas. Fowler Medicine and Surgery of South American Camelids.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 January Bruford December Pleistocene Mammals of North America. New York: Columbia University Press.
Journal of World Prehistory. Springer Netherlands. Llamas of Atlanta. Twin Creeks Llamas. Archived from the original on 12 April Johnson 17 April Anderson; Ahmed Tibary; Robert J.
Elsevier Health Sciences. Archived from the original on 3 March Camelid Medicine, Surgery, and Reproduction for Veterinarians. Part II. A Guide to Raising Llamas.
University of Illinois , College of Veterinary Medicine. Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 15 May Fowler, DVM Iowa State University Press.
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Den Den 2. Kommunene langs denne delen av Glomma har rundt 80 innbyggere. Fredrikstad og Sarpsborg har innbyggere, og det var fram til 2. Det eneste noenlunde rolige partiet var ved Onstadsund mellom Askim og Spydeberg , der den gamle kongeveien mellom Oslo og riksgrensen hadde sitt fergested.
Kraftverket er planlagt plassert ved tettstedet Tolga. Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi.
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Their wool is very soft and lanolin -free. Llamas can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions. The ancestors of Llamas are thought to have originated from the central plains of North America about 40 million years ago, and susequently migrated to South America about three million years ago during the Great American Interchange.
By the end of the last ice age 10,—12, years ago , camelids were extinct in North America. In Aymara mythology llamas are important beings.
The Heavenly Llama is said to drink water from the ocean and urinate it as rain. Lama vicugna , guanaco Lama guanicoe , Suri alpaca , and Huacaya alpaca Vicugna pacos , prev.
Lama guanicoe pacos , and the domestic llama Lama glama. They were included in the genus Camelus along with alpaca in the Systema Naturae of Carl Linnaeus.
The genera Lama and Vicugna are, with the two species of true camels, the sole existing representatives of a very distinct section of the Artiodactyla or even-toed ungulates, called Tylopoda , or "bump-footed", from the peculiar bumps on the soles of their feet.
The Tylopoda consist of a single family, the Camelidae, and shares the order Artiodactyla with the Suina pigs , the Tragulina chevrotains , the Pecora ruminants , and the Whippomorpha hippos and cetaceans , which belong to Artiodactyla from a cladistic , if not traditional, standpoint.
The Tylopoda have more or less affinity to each of the sister taxa , standing in some respects in a middle position between them, sharing some characteristics from each, but in others showing special modifications not found in any of the other taxa.
The 19th-century discoveries of a vast and previously unexpected extinct Paleogene fauna of North America, as interpreted by paleontologists Joseph Leidy , Edward Drinker Cope , and Othniel Charles Marsh , aided understanding of the early history of this family.
Some of the fossil llamas were much larger than current forms. Some species remained in North America during the last ice ages.
North American llamas are categorized as a single extinct genus, Hemiauchenia. Llama-like animals would have been a common sight 25, years ago, in modern-day California , Texas , New Mexico , Utah , Missouri , and Florida.
The camelid lineage has a good fossil record. Camel-like animals have been traced from the thoroughly differentiated, modern species back through early Miocene forms.
Their characteristics became more general, and they lost those that distinguished them as camelids; hence, they were classified as ancestral artiodactyls.
The formation of the Isthmus of Panama three million years ago allowed camelids to spread to South America as part of the Great American Interchange , where they evolved further.
Meanwhile, North American camelids died out at the end of the Pleistocene. A full-grown llama can reach a height of 1. Llamas typically live for 15 to 25 years, with some individuals surviving 30 years or more.
The following characteristics apply especially to llamas. In the upper jaw, a compressed, sharp, pointed laniariform incisor near the hinder edge of the premaxilla is followed in the male at least by a moderate-sized, pointed, curved true canine in the anterior part of the maxilla.
The teeth of the molar series, which are in contact with each other, consist of two very small premolars the first almost rudimentary and three broad molars , constructed generally like those of Camelus.
In the lower jaw, the three incisors are long, spatulate, and procumbent; the outer ones are the smallest. Next to these is a curved, suberect canine, followed after an interval by an isolated minute and often deciduous simple conical premolar; then a contiguous series of one premolar and three molars, which differ from those of Camelus in having a small accessory column at the anterior outer edge.
The skull generally resembles that of Camelus , the larger brain-cavity and orbits and less-developed cranial ridges being due to its smaller size.
The nasal bones are shorter and broader, and are joined by the premaxilla. The ears are rather long and slightly curved inward, characteristically known as "banana" shaped.
There is no dorsal hump. The feet are narrow, the toes being more separated than in the camels, each having a distinct plantar pad.
The tail is short, and fibre is long, woolly and soft. In essential structural characteristics, as well as in general appearance and habits, all the animals of this genus very closely resemble each other, so whether they should be considered as belonging to one, two, or more species is a matter of controversy among naturalists.
The question is complicated by the circumstance of the great majority of individuals that have come under observation being either in a completely or partially domesticated state.
Many are also descended from ancestors that have previously been domesticated, a state that tends to produce a certain amount of variation from the original type.
The four forms commonly distinguished by the inhabitants of South America are recognized as distinct species, though with difficulties in defining their distinctive characteristics.
The llama and alpaca are only known in the domestic state, and are variable in size and of many colors, being often white, brown, or piebald.
Some are grey or black. Its manners very much resemble those of the chamois of the European Alps ; it is as vigilant, wild, and timid.
The fiber is extremely delicate and soft, and highly valued for the purposes of weaving, but the quantity that each animal produces is minimal.
Alpacas are descended from wild vicuna ancestors, while domesticated llamas are descended from wild guanaco ancestors, though a considerable amount of hybridization between the two species has occurred.
Differential characteristics between llamas and alpacas include the llama's larger size, longer head, and curved ears. Alpaca fiber is generally more expensive, but not always more valuable.
Alpacas tend to have a more consistent color throughout the body. The most apparent visual difference between llamas and camels is that camels have a hump or humps and llamas do not.
Llamas are not ruminants , pseudo-ruminants, or modified ruminants. The stomach compartments allow for fermentation of tough food stuffs, followed by regurgitation and re-chewing.
Ruminants have four compartments cows, sheep, goats , whereas llamas have only three stomach compartments: the rumen, omasum, and abomasum.
In addition, the llama and other camelids have an extremely long and complex large intestine colon. The large intestine's role in digestion is to reabsorb water, vitamins and electrolytes from food waste that is passing through it.
The length of the llama's colon allows it to survive on much less water than other animals. This is a major advantage in arid climates where they live.
Llamas have an unusual reproductive cycle for a large animal. Female llamas are induced ovulators. Female llamas do not go into estrus "heat".
Like humans, llama males and females mature sexually at different rates. Females reach puberty at about 12 months old; males do not become sexually mature until around three years of age.
Llamas mate with in a kush lying down position, which is fairly unusual in a large animal. They mate for an extended time 20—45 minutes , also unusual in a large animal.
The gestation period of a llama is Rather, they will nuzzle and hum to their newborns. Crias are typically born with all the females of the herd gathering around, in an attempt to protect against the male llamas and potential predators.
Llamas give birth standing. Birth is usually quick and problem-free, over in less than 30 minutes.
This may increase cria survival by reducing fatalities due to hypothermia during cold Andean nights. This birthing pattern is speculated to be a continuation of the birthing patterns observed in the wild.
Crias are up and standing, walking and attempting to suckle within the first hour after birth. A female llama will only produce about 60 millilitres 2 US fluid ounces of milk at a time when she gives milk, so the cria must suckle frequently to receive the nutrients it requires.
For field mating , a female is turned out into a field with a male llama and left there for some period of time. This is the easiest method in terms of labor, but the least useful in terms of prediction of a likely birth date.
An ultrasound test can be performed, and together with the exposure dates, a better idea of when the cria is expected can be determined. Hand mating is the most efficient method, but requires the most work on the part of the human involved.
A male and female llama are put into the same pen and mating is monitored. They are then separated and re-mated every other day until one or the other refuses the mating.
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Det er Nordens nest lengste elv etter Trysilelva , Klarälven , Vänern og Göta älv regnet som ett vassdrag.
Begge navneformene er autoriserte og i offentlig bruk. Flommen fikk navnet Vesleofsen , ettersom stort sett bare flommerkene fra Storofsen i forble synlige over vannflaten.
Glomma har blitt smittet av krepsepest , og bestanden av edelkreps har ikke tatt seg opp igjen til tross for lang tids forbud mot krepsing. Den Den 2.